ALL YOU WANT TO KNOW ABOUT MASON TOOLS – BEFORE BUYING IT -lceted LCETED INSTITUTE FOR CIVIL ENGINEERS

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Apr 5, 2020

ALL YOU WANT TO KNOW ABOUT MASON TOOLS – BEFORE BUYING IT

ALL YOU WANT TO KNOW ABOUT MASON TOOLS – BEFORE BUYING IT


MASON TOOLS

The various tools used by a mason for his work can be grouped as follows.

1) Common Tools

2) Mortar Making Tools

3) Levelling  Tools

4) Finishing Tools

5) Cutting Tools

OK Lets Us Give You Detail Explanation On Each Category

1. COMMON TOOLS

In this category, all types of tools commonly used for setting the masonry work such as

1.1  Trowels: Trowels are basic and traditional instruments developed in a variety of shapes and sizes to suit their function. Some common types of Trowels include

a) Brick trowelBrick trowels is usually about 18 cm with a steel blade and wood handle. Brick trowels are used to collect the motor and spread it to the next brick course level. It is a traditional tool, made in a variety of shapes and sizes. The motor sleeping blade from the skillet is flat on one side. The curved edge is hardened to cut bricks. The handle is angled to balance the instrument while keeping Mason's hand away from the motor.

b) Small size brick trowel: IIt is a trowel but small, it is about 12.5 cm long and is mainly used to fill joints between bricks.

c) Margin trowel: Margin trowel is like pointing, but has a flat rectangular blade. It is used by plasterers to apply and smooth material in areas where a larger trowel would be inconvenient.

d) Gauging trowel: The gauging trowel having blade length 15cm to 20cm is used by plasterers in the same way as a margin trowel. It is preferred by some masons for general application, such as mixing small quantities of quick setting plaster.

e) Angle trowel:  Angle Trowel has a flat blade with edges facing 100mm x 62mm wide and at right angles of 25mm height. plasterers use this to soften the surface of the material when working in a corner.

1.2  Floats

a) Wooden float:-  The 50 cm long and 10 cm wide wooden strip with a handle used to place the mortar in line on bricks, sometimes also at the time of the plaster. It is also available in smaller sizes, such as 25cm x 10cm. The main purpose of using floats is to fill voids, level ridges, and smooth surfaces in trowel preparation.

b) Metal float: The metal float is a flat rectangular steel sheet, typically 25cm x 10cm, with a handle positioned in the centre of the back face. Its general purpose is to apply and finish the material, applying a pure cement finish to the plaster.

1.3

a) Plumb Bob: Plumb bob is a basic tool for a bricklayer to build any bricklaying job in the vertical plane. It is available in normally mild steel with a coating that weighs approximately 30-40 gms. The plumb bob is a pointy weight attached to a line length that is contained in the bob itself and clamped in a slot in the lid.

b) Right Angled Scales: It is used to set the right angle corner. This is the MS. The square is 30cm x 60cm long with hands representing an inch or so of Cms. It is used to lay the corner of the bricks in the rectangle.

c) Line Dori:  This is a basic tool for any Mason to do the job. Usually a line dori of 3 mm dia. Wax coating is used. Nowadays the nylon line tori is very used, it can be from 1mm to 2mm dia.

d) Aluminium Hollow box section: Screenboard is used to balance the surface during plastering and site preparation. It can be wooden slabs of 50mm x 65mm length 1.2m to 1.5m. An aluminium hollow box section of 65mm x 30mm and 1.5m long is also used. This can be called a straight edge.

e) Measuring Tape: A steel tape marked in meters and feet and divided into cm and inches. Usually used by a meson to measure the length and width of the masonry. It is available in 2m, 3m, 5m, 15m and 30m.


ALL YOU WANT TO KNOW ABOUT MASON TOOLS

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2. MORTAR MAKING TOOLS:

a) Measuring Box: It can be a wood or steel box of 1 ft x 1 ft x 1.25 ft, equivalent to the size of a bag of cement. When pouring raw materials into luggage (say 1: 4), one bag of cement will be mixed with 4 pharma sand.

b) Mixing Tray: Lightweight steel plate is usually used for mixing the motor. It is 2.0 m long and 1.0 m wide with the handlebars.

c) Sand screen:  Usually a wire mesh of 0.9 m x 1.2 m is used as a screen for sand in a wooden frame or angular frame. For masonry work, the screen is 0.6 mm dia.Wires and 10 x10 wires per inch square.

For plastering work a screen having 0.3mm dia of wire with 24 x24  wires per inch square.

d) Pan: 40cm Dia's Iron Pan is used to transport the motor. The same can be used for the rate of mixing. If there is 1: 4 mortar mix, mix 1 pan cement with 4 pot sand

e) Showel: It is the most common tool for mixing the mortar and for filling the pans.

f) Bucket: Generally an iron bucket of up to  10 lit. capacity is used for mixing the water in the mortar.

g) Drum: A 200 lit capacity M.S. drum is used to store the water. Nowadays PVC containers are also available.

h) Garden Showel: A group of 8 to 10 wires of 6 mm MS bars of 500 mm length and these wires are bent at 90-degree edges (shown in fig.) Are a very effective tool for spreading concrete with the required thickness in a given area.


ALL YOU WANT TO KNOW ABOUT MASON TOOLS
ALL YOU WANT TO KNOW ABOUT MASON TOOLS


















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3. LEVELLING TOOLS
These tools are used for setting the levels at the time of work.

a) Spirit level: This is the most important tool with the help of which the degree of movement of the bubble can be determined between any two surfaces. Typically this tool is used for tiling work to check the size of tiles.

It is usually 30 cm long. The important part of any level is the vial. It is a curved or barrel glass or plastic tube which may contain alcohol, oil or chloroform. There is a bubble of air in the liquid which floats to the highest point of the curve, where two lines are marked in the vial. When the position is "true", the bubble will rest between the two lines.

b) Level Tube: A thin 6mm diameter clear PVC tube about 8-10m. long and is used to check levels when filled with water. The basic principle is that the water will occupy the same level, it is used to do the work at the level.


ALL YOU WANT TO KNOW ABOUT MASON TOOLS

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4. FINISHING TOOLS

These tools are used for finishing work such as Sponge

a) Sponge: A 12.5 cm x 10 cm square of the sponge is used to finish plaster surfaces as sand-coated plaster. By applying two or three rounds of this sponge, a fine sand texture will appear on the surface.

b) M.S. Corners: Small pieces of MS sheet of approximately 12.5 cm in length and used for the perfect finishing of the corners of the wall and the plaster edges of doors and windows.

c) Cove CornerThe corner of the cove is like a metal float, but the rectangular blade bends in a curved width. It is used to smooth the internal curve of decorative plaster trim that is sometimes found between ceilings and walls.

d) Finishing Trowel: This trowel, also called a floating trowel, consists of a wide, flat surface with a handle on one side. Can be used as a tray to transport large amounts of mortar or plaster and for a final pass to smooth mortar or plaster

h) Brushes: At least two types of brushes 25mm wide and 75mm wide must be with a mason to clean surfaces and finish the job.


MASON TOOLS

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5. CUTTING TOOLS
These are tools used for minor cutting or chipping work

a) Chisel and Hammer: There are several types of hammer and chisel available on the market, but the bricklayer must have at least two types of hammer weighing 1 pound and 4 pounds for dismantling jobs and 10cm chisels for small jobs and 20cm for major dismantling jobs .

b) Pointed hammer: It is like a hammer, but it has both ends with pointed edges and is used to cut the concrete surfaces of beams and columns or slabs before plastering, for a better bond. Some have a pointy point for deep hacking.

c) Tile cutter: The simplest tile cutter is a square-sectioned steel shaft of 20cm length with a pointed tungsten carbide tip. It is used to score a line on the glazed surface of a ceramic tile prior to snapping it off.

d) Portable Circular saw: The portable circular saw is an invaluable power tool. It is mainly a woodworking tool, but with special tile cutting blades, it can be used to cut ceramics and other types of tiles.


MASON TOOLS

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1 comment:

  1. Thanks for sharing this information. I really like your blog post very much. You have really shared a informative and interesting blog post with people. Newcastle Bricklayers

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