How to strengthen column and beam by RC jacketing? - LCETED -lceted LCETED INSTITUTE FOR CIVIL ENGINEERS

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Jan 2, 2023

How to strengthen column and beam by RC jacketing? - LCETED

This method of strengthening columns and beams is easy, as the method follows normal construction. In beams, we may have to strengthen them to reduce deflection also. Jacketing is the provision of a concrete jacket with extra steel if needed. The jacket goes all around the member. The rehabilitation of beams and columns by RC jacketing (the concrete being placed by labor and not by mechanical means) is briefly described in this chapter. We deal with the following in this article:

1.  RC jacketing of a column

2.  RC jacketing of beams


RC Jacketing of a Column

The following is a brief step-by-step procedure for strengthening a column by jacketing it with reinforced concrete. In this article, we deal with the strengthening of the main column.

Step 1:

1. Prop up and support the beam near the beam–column joints to relieve the column of some of the load, as shown in Figure below the props should be telescopic tubular steel props. In a multistoried building, props should be provided for all the column joints above and below the column being taken for strengthening. The order of fixing support should be from the bottom to top. (The order of removing support after repair should be from top to bottom.)

2. Remove the external plaster of the column to be repaired.

3. Remove the unsound concrete cover and the portion around the steel.

RC jacketing of columns

Figure: RC jacketing of columns.

4. Clean the concrete and steel surfaces and paint the steel with a corrosion inhibitor, if needed.

5. We install shear key reinforcements to make the new concrete act with the old concrete. For installing shear keys, drill holes to sufficient depths along the height of the column. Clean the holes, inject epoxy from foil packs and insert the reinforcement bars. Allow the epoxy to cure (this is done in addition to the bonding coat).

6. Put additional column reinforcement with required laterals and tie up the steel. 

Step 2: Apply a bond coat to concrete and steel to make new and old acts together.

Step 3: Fabricate and erect watertight shuttering.

Step 4: Pour the self-compacting or free-flowing concrete so that we do need not to use a vibrator and compact the concrete well. This should be carried out before the bond coat dries up. (Otherwise, pour conventional concrete and use a proper vibrator to place the concrete.)

Step 5: Cure the concrete, add finishing plaster, etc., as needed.

Note: This jacketing can also be done with ferrocement using weld mesh and chicken mesh and cement mortar without


RC Jacketing of Beams

First, we design the size and required steel so that the strength and deflection satisfy our requirements. As it is difficult to put formwork etc. to a beam because of many reasons, we proceed as follows:

Step 1: Support the beam at the midpoint (or other points in the slab also) to reduce the load acting on the beam.

Step 2: Chip off the plaster and damaged concrete, if present.

Step 3: Add extra steel reinforcement, if needed, and support the steel ends by drilling holes in the column and grouting the hole with epoxy grout, and inserting the steel. Also, tie or weld additional steel to the steel present in the beam.

Step 4: Fix an expanded wire mesh around the beam on three sides, as shown in the Figure below, leaving the necessary gap for additional concrete between the old beam and the wire mesh.


RC jacketing of beams

The figure below, the RC jacketing of beams (a) repair scheme of the beam (b) expanded wire mesh placed in position, and (c) polymer-modified mortar being applied.


Step 5: Apply an epoxy bond coat to the old concrete surface.

Step 6: While the bond coat is still fresh, apply polymer-modified mortar (by a mason or by hand, or by means of travel) to get the required thickness on all three sides of the beam. This can be obtained by 2 or 3 applications of mortar.

Step 7: The beam is water cured for at least 3 days and then, air-cured. Release all the props under the beams. Through this process, we get a stronger beam.



RC jacketing is jacketing with an additional layer of steel and concrete. It is one of the simple methods of strengthening columns and beams

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