What Is a Work Permit? Types of Work permit used in Construction work | LCETED -lceted LCETED INSTITUTE FOR CIVIL ENGINEERS

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Jan 17, 2023

What Is a Work Permit? Types of Work permit used in Construction work | LCETED

What Is a Work Permit?

A work permit is a written form used to authorize jobs that endanger workers to serious hazards. It recognizes the work to be done, the hazards involved, and the necessary preparation and precautions for the job. Examples of jobs needing work permits are those requiring employees to enter and work in confined spaces, repair, maintain, or inspect electrical installations, or use large or complex equipment.

A work permit is a written form used to authorize work that poses serious hazards to workers. It recognizes the work to be done, the hazards involved, and the preparation and precautions required for the work. Examples of jobs that require a work permit include those that require employees to enter and work in confined spaces, repair, maintain, or inspect electrical installations or use large or complex equipment.


Why Use a Work Permit?

If a job has the potential for serious injury or death, formalization of agreed work practices is essential. This prevents instructions from being missed, forgotten, or misunderstood. It also serves as a checklist to ensure that all hazards, safety measures, work procedures, and general requirements are reviewed and understood by the assigned employee.


A work permit is a record of the authorization and completion of a specific work. Authorization should be given by the competent person after fulfilling all the necessary conditions.


What Does a Work Permit Contain?

The name of the person responsible for the job

The nature of work

Scope of work

The department the person belongs to

The duration of the job

PPE required

Name of the issuer

Risk assessment documents, if needed

Permit closing details

Potential hazards to watch out for

Other additional permits are needed for the same job

Types of Construction work Permits



Key Elements of Permit-to-Work Systems

Key Elements of Permit-to-Work Systems

Different types of permissions

The nature of permit-to-work procedures varies depending on the job and the hazards involved. However, a permission setting is not required to work, for example:

(a) The assessed risks are low and easily controllable.

(b) The working method is very simple.

(c) Other work carried out nearby does not affect the confined space entry or work involved in the welding process.

However, where the hazards are high and the work structure is complex and may interfere with other activities, a formal Permit to Work (PTW) must be used.


Types of Permits

1. General work permit

2. Height work permit

3. Hot work permit

4. Confined work permit

5. Riser & lift Shaft work permit

6. Electrical work permit

7. Cold work permit

8. Demolition Work Permit

9. Excavation Work Permit

10. Crane Work permit

11. Erect/alter/dismantle Work permit

12. Cut or Core Concrete work permit

13. Night Work permit

14. Erect or Dismantle scaffolding Permit

15. Out of Hours work permit

16. Live Road Activity Permit

17. Chemical Work Permit

Types of work permit

What is General Work Permit?

A general permit must be used for work involving the alteration or alteration of plant or machinery that may present mechanical, toxic, or electrical hazards; work on or near overhead crane tracks; work on pipelines with hazardous contents; Repair of railway tracks, tippers, conveyors; work with asbestos-based materials; Work involving ionizing radiation; Roof work; Excavations to bypass underground services.


What is a Height Work Permit?

Authorization to work at elevated locations (2 meters above ground) such as ladders, scaffolding, Mobile Elevated Work Platforms (MEWP), and other off-ground locations.


What is Hot Work Permit?

Authorization to perform work in conditions that create sparks, flames, or any other source of ignition. Examples of hot work permits include welding, soldering, working with flammable gases, and other heat-inducing activities.


What is a Confined work permit?

Authorization To perform work in conditions is confined space which includes, flues, excavations, boilers, reactors, chambers, tanks (sealed and open-top), vessels, furnaces, ducts, sewers, manholes, pits, and ovens. Many fatal accidents have occurred where inadequate precautions were taken before and during the work involving entry into confined spaces. - Confined space permit should be taken for excavations more than 6 feet depth (1.8Mt) which come under the purview of confined space.


What is Riser & lift Shaft work permit?

Authorization to perform work in Riser & lift shaft with all PPE requirements checked and signed by the authorized person


What is Electrical work permit?

Authorization to allow Contractor engaged in electrical Works. Electricity can severely injure or kill people and can cause damage to buildings and property from the effect of fires and explosions.


What is Cold Work Permit?

Any work that does not require welding or ignition is considered cold work. Cold working is a plastic deformation process caused by pressing and/or rolling at room temperature.

In a typical work environment, cold work activities include working on pipes, adding values, shovels or vacuums, erecting scaffolding, adding insulation, or doing mechanical or civil maintenance work without the use of flammable materials.


In some industries, cold work involves working with corrosive materials, resins, solvents, chemical cleaning, radiation, or electrical equipment.


Any work permit that establishes guidelines for conducting these cold work activities in a controlled environment is included in a cold work permit. A cold work permit contains all the precautions employees must follow when doing cold work.


What is Demolition Work Permit?

A demolition permit is a legal document that gives you the right to demolish any structure that requires a building permit. But just because a building permit was not obtained prior to construction does not mean that a demolition permit is not required. If the building is constructed illegally without permission, permission is still required to demolish it.


What is Excavation Permit?

An excavation permit is required for any excavation within the plant. It is necessary to temporarily close the road/block the road or block the main roads in a section or unit. Necessary approval in proper form for "closure of road or site" shall be obtained.

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